company | meaning of company in Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English | LDOCE

company

com‧pa‧ny

/

ˈkʌmp

ə

ni

/

●●●

S1

W1

noun

(

plural

companies

)

 

 

In British English, you can also use a plural verb:

• In British English, you can also use a plural verb: The company make machine parts.

is usually followed by a singular verb:

• In this meaning, company is usually followed by a singular verb: The company makes machine parts.

GRAMMAR: Singular or plural verb? • In this meaning, company is usually followed by a singular verb: The company makes machine parts. • In British English, you can also use a plural verb: The company make machine parts.

The company directors have awarded themselves a massive pay increase.

The company was set up just after the war.

I called the phone company about the bill.

Which company do you work for?

a business organization that makes or sells goods or services

(= together with another person or group )

in company with somebody

in company with somebody (= together with another person or group ) He’s performing in company with saxophonist Ernie Watts.

I felt nervous in the company of such an important man.

in somebody’s company (= with someone ) I felt nervous in the company of such an important man.

Bessie was glad to have the dog as company.

as company Bessie was glad to have the dog as company.

(= is a cheerful person who is enjoyable to be with )

James is good company (= is a cheerful person who is enjoyable to be with ) .

(= would like to be with other people )

could use the company

Come over for dinner – I could use the company (= would like to be with other people ) .

(= be with her so that she doesn’t feel lonely )

Rita’s husband is away for the week, so I thought I’d go over and keep her company (= be with her so that she doesn’t feel lonely ) .

The two men enjoy each other’s company .

when you are with other people and not alone

3

GUESTS

guests

[

uncountable

]

VISIT

people who are visiting you in your home

 

It looks like the Hammills

have company

.

 

We’re

expecting company

this evening.

Things began to go wrong when he got into bad company .

(= the people you spend time with )

People judge you by the company you keep (= the people you spend time with ) .

your friends or the group of people you spend time with

a group of actors dancers , or singers who work together

Parents should teach their children how to behave in company.

(= when surrounded by other people, especially at a social occasion )

in company (= when surrounded by other people, especially at a social occasion ) Parents should teach their children how to behave in company.

(= in a group of both men and women )

Some jokes are just not appropriate to tell in mixed company (= in a group of both men and women ) .

He glanced around at the assembled company .

a group of people who are together in the same place, often for a particular purpose or for social

a group of about 120 soldiers who are usually part of a larger group

COLLOCATIONS

Meaning 1: a business organization that makes or sells goods or services

ADJECTIVES/NOUN + company

a computer/phone/oil etc company

an international oil company

a manufacturing/shipping/publishing etc company

I’m working for a printing company at the moment.

a large/big company

She has a senior position in a large manufacturing company.

a small company

His father is the director of a small company.

an international company

(=

with offices in different countries

)

She works for a major international company.

a multinational company

(=

with offices in many countries

)

Within ten years the business grew into a huge multinational company.

a private company

(=

not owned by the government

)

There are many tiny private companies.

a state-owned company

(=

owned by the government

)

a public/listed company

(=

offering its shares for sale on the stock exchange

)

a limited company

(=

one whose owners only have to pay a limited amount if it gets into debt

)

a subsidiary company

(=

owned or controlled by a larger company

)

the parent company

(=

the one that owns or controls a smaller one

)

a local company

The new development will bring more business to local companies.

a reputable company

(=

with a good reputation

)

Choose a reputable building company to do the work.

verbs

work for a company

How long have you been working for your present company?

join a company

(=

become an employee

)

I joined the company ten years ago.

run/manage a company

Nick runs a property company.

set up/start/form a company

Two years later he started his own software company.

found/establish a company

The company was founded in 1993 by William J. Nutt.

take over a company

(=

buy it and run it

)

The company was taken over by the management in a £32.5 million deal.

a company grows/expands

The company has expanded year on year.

a company goes bankrupt/goes out of business

(=

stops doing business after losing too much money

)

a company fails

(=

goes bankrupt

)

His audio equipment company failed in the mid 1980s.

a company goes bust

informal

(=

goes bankrupt

)

a company goes to the wall

informal

(=

goes bankrupt

)

a company goes into liquidation

(=

is closed and sold in order to pay its debts

)

company + NOUN

company policy

It is not company policy to give that information.

a company director/executive

He earns a huge amount of money as a senior company executive.

a company car

(=

that your company gives you to use

)

COLLOCATIONS

Meaning 2: when you are with other people and not alone

verbs

enjoy somebody’s company

Steve was fun and she clearly enjoyed his company.

keep somebody company

(=

be with someone so that they do not feel lonely

)

Mum was out so I stayed at home to keep my younger sister company.

have some company

(=

not be alone

)

‘Come in, ’ she said, pleased to have some company.

need/want company

Children need the company of other kids their age.

be good/pleasant company

(=

be a cheerful person who is enjoyable to be with

)

I always liked seeing Rob – he was such good company.

THESAURUS

company

an organization that makes or sells something, or provides a service

big oil companies

telephone companies

He runs a software company.

firm

a company, especially one that provides a service rather than producing goods

a law firm

a firm of accountants

a security firm

business

a company – often used when talking about a company that employs only a small number of people

She set up her own catering business.

small businesses

a family business

corporation

a large company that often includes several smaller companies

IBM is one of the biggest corporations in the world.

multinational

a very large company with offices in many different countries

American multinationals are establishing research and development facilities across the developing world.

conglomerate

/

kənˈɡlɒmərət

$

-ˈɡlɑː-

/

a very large company that consists of several different companies which have joined together

The company was taken over by a German media conglomerate.

giant

word used mainly by newspapers for a very large company

Their clients include the retail giant, Wal-Mart.

subsidiary

a company that is owned by a larger company

The company runs its New York operations through a US subsidiary.