Thì tương lai gần – Near future tense | Công thức, cách dùng, dấu hiệu nhận biết và bài tập áp dụng – Kiến Thức Tiếng Anh

I. Công thức

(?) Nghi vấn Am/is/are + S + going to + V_inf? Ex: Are you going to go to the party tonight? (Bạn sẽ tham gia bữa tiệc tối nay chứ?) → Yes, I am / No, I am not

(-) Phủ định S + am/is/are + not + going to + V_inf Trong đó: Am not = am not, is not = isn't, are not= aren't Ex: She is not going to go swimming this weekend. (Cuối tuần này cô ấy sẽ không đi bơi)

(+) Khẳng định S + am/is/are + going to + V_inf S = I -> am Ex: I am going to join the club. S = You/We/They -> are Ex: We are going to join the club. S = He/She/It -> is Ex: He is going to join the club.

I. Cách dùng thì tương lai gần

Diễn tả một dự đoán chắc chắn sẽ xảy ra trong tương lai do có căn cứ trên tình huống hiện tại. Ex: Look at those black clouds. It is going to rain. My nose is tickling. I think I’m going to sneeze.

Diễn tả kế hoạch hay dự định về một việc sẽ thực hiện trong tương lai. Thường có các từ chỉ thời gian tương lai đi kèm. Ex: I am going to visit my uncle tomorrow. What are you going to do tonight?

III. Dấu hiệu nhận biết

IV. Bài tập

Exercise: Put the correct form of the verbs:
1. "I am not going to do aerobics tomorrow morning."
"What ______ you_____________ (do)?"
2. My team (go) _____ on a picnic this weekend.
3. I (have) _____ my hair cut tomorrow because it’s too long.
4. My elder sister (buy) _____ a new shirt tonight because she has just got salary.
5. I feel terrible. I think I (be) _________ill.
6. I (see) _________ the movie “The Moon” this evening with my cousin at 9 o’clock tonight.
7. What_________ you _________ (do) after graduation?


8. They (sell) _____ their old house because they have just bought a new one.


9. Tomorrow, I (visit) _____ my mother-in-law in the hospital.
10. – Why have they demolished that building?
– They (build) _____ a new cultural center.

8. They (sell) _____ their old house because they have just bought a new one.9. Tomorrow, I (visit) _____ my mother-in-law in the hospital.10. – Why have they demolished that building?- They (build) _____ a new cultural center.